Photos of one room school houses in the late 1800’s
Photo’s courtesy of delsjourney.com
John and his neighbors became concerned about the education of their children and arranged for a 1-room school to be started. At first there was merely a 3-month term during the summer, sometimes being taught by a 16-year old girl who had passed the teacher’s examination and been given permission to teach. These were ‘ungraded’ schools, a child being given a certificate by the county superintendent each time he completed another reader.
Even some of the younger teachers were born instructors and inspired their students to further their education. But when one of them told John that his daughter, Anna, should be sent on to high school he replied, “I want my children to learn to work.” The eighth grade had been the first year Anna had gotten to go to school all winter, and she loved it.
Carrying Milk with a Yoke
Clara carried three pails of milk the half mile from the pasture by using a yoke—the third pail held in her hand.
The milk was strained, cooled in water (which also was carried by yoke for a half a mile), kept in the cellar till the cream rose to the top, skimmed by hand, and then churned in a wooden dash churn or made into cheese. Each year Clara made at least 20 10-pound cheeses to add variety to the diet.
Photos are examples of a wash board
and a wringer.
Photos are courtesy of oldandinteresting.com
John and Clara live in Bismarck
For 18 months the family lived in a small rented house in Bismarck while they saved money to buy a cow and essentials to move to a farm on section 18 in Frances township about 18 miles northeast of town. At first John worked for neighbors to pay for the use of their machinery. As soon as possible he purchased a yoke of oxen. Pete and Mack. Eventually he added a team of horses, a hand-held plow, and other equipment.
John worked for the Railroad
He (John) also worked for the railroad, walking to the assembly point early Monday morning and returning the 18 miles from Bismarck Saturday night carrying on his back a bag of groceries (flour, yeast, oatmeal, rice, soap, etcetera).
Photo courtesy of corbis.co.in
Living off the Land
Milk, cream, butter, cheese, eggs, meat, potatoes, and other vegetables were produced on the farm. John butchered hogs each winter and Clara preserved the meat by smoking, salting, or drying it and making various kinds of sausages and pickled pigs feet. There was no freezing or canning, of course. Vegetables were stored in root cellars or attics or dried or pickled in barrels.
The mother and daughters did all the milking as they had done in Sweden until the boys worked out and learned that in America the men helped with this task.
John goes to America
In April 1883 John said goodbye to his wife and 5 children and accompanied the Karlsons to North Dakota, expecting to send for the family by fall. After a summer of hard work he contracted typhoid fever and not only used up his savings but also was unable to work that winter.
Clara and five children go to America
It was November 1, 1888, five and one half years later, before Clara and children were able to follow to the United States.
Four more children....... born in America
Soon after their arrival in America the (five) “Swedish children” were old enough to herd sheep or cattle or take other jobs on farms or in town. John and Clara had four more children in North Dakota.
Oatmeal was served for breakfast every morning. Potatoes, pork, and homegrown vegetables were on the dinner and supper menus. The diet was varied by using the cheese Clara made or when John brought home a pail of an imported Swedish delicacy, salt herring. Dessert—prune sauce, rice pudding, or fruit soup made from dried fruits—were served only for special guests. But when the men finished digging a well near the house Clara celebrated by making fruit soup for just the family. Even dried fruits were a luxury.
Running water was supplied by carrying it in pails of a yoke. It was heated in kettles or a boiler on the kitchen stove. Clothes were rubbed on a board and wrung out by hand.
What rejoicing when John brought home the first wringer—a gadget screwed onto a wooden tub and turned by hand, a job assigned to the children. Great care had to be exercised to keep from tearing the buttons out of the clothing or getting hands and arms between the rollers. As most pioneer women, Clara never complained—or allowed the children to. She raised 9 offspring without a rocking chair, baby buggy, nursing bottle, or commercial baby food. Youngsters not only ate what was placed before them but cleaned up their plates.
Photo courtesy of museofelipebello.com
Anna worked for Banker's wife
So on her fourteenth birthday Anna was taken to Bismarck to be nurse and chamber maid for Mrs. I.P. Baker (Isaac P. Baker), wife of the vice president of the Bismarck Bank. Anna also helped care for an incontinent grandmother, milked the cows, and cleaned the family barn. This was the first of several jobs Anna held. Anna particularly appreciated the patience of Mrs. Hoskins in helping her learn the graces of city living. Mrs. Hoskins not only was the epitome of efficiency in her home but also did the ordering and helped in her husband’s stationery and flower shop (later Hoskins-Meyers), was active in social circles, and Sunday School superintendent.
Anna, the teacher
Later Anna did pursue her desire for an education and while going to high school wrote the teacher's exam and taught in Trygg township and elsewhere outside of Burleigh county until she eventually graduated as valedictorian of both her high school and junior college classes. Much of the incentive and moral support came from her sister and brother-in-law, Minnie and Charlie Trygg, whith whom she and other teachers often stayed as they taught school. Minnie and Charlie Trygg, with whom she and other teachers often stayed as they taught school. Minnie was typical of the women who married young and worked with their husbands as they homesteaded the land. Anna exemplified those who got an education before settling down to raise a family.
John and Clara's children grew up
John and Clara Anderson later moved to another farm, then to Baldwin and finally retired in Bismarck. John passed away in 1925 and Clara in 1932. They raised six girls and three boys.
Hannah Mathilda and her husband, Charlie Johnson, moved to Texas where they had six children.
Emma Charlotte married Joe Granquist, moved to Washington state, and had a family of six.
Charles John was a carpenter in Bismarck but never married.
Clara Wilhelmina (Minnie) married Charlie Trygg, one of the brothers for whom Trygg township was named. They had three children.
Herman Joseph died in his early twenties, as did two of the American children, Ida Carolina and Mary Eleanor.
Of the other two, Andrew Siegfred was the oldest and represents the inquiring mind who chooses not to stay on the land. He served the United States during World War I in various capacities, including the headquarters in Washington, D.C., but also pursued his educational interests. He married Alma Dickhouse in Los Angeles where he worked for the city engineering department until his retirement. He was 88 on Dec. 3, 1976, still active in that California city and travels around the country ever so often.
Anna married Frank Trygg (Charlie’s younger brother) and they lived in Gibbs township where they raised three daughters.
Note from Kristin (Granquist) Peterson:
Information from Ruth (Granquist) Lindquist has
Herman Joseph named as Joseph Herman. He was born May 11, 1882 and died at 23 on June 27, 1905.
Ida Carolina and Mary Eleanor died in 1919. It may have been from the 1918 flu pandemic that lasted through 1920. Ida Carolina was born January 12, 1893 and died at age 26 on March 24, 1919. Mary Eleanor was born May 17, 1896 and died March 18, 1919 at age 23.
John & Clara Anderson's Children
John August Anderson - b. 9 Apr 1850 - d. 5 Mar 1925, age 75
Clara (Andersdotter) Anderson - b. 8 May 1850 - d. 15 Apr 1932, age 82
married 19 May 1872
Johanna (Hannah) Mathilda Anderson b. 1 Jul 1872 - d.
Emma Charlotta Olivia Anderson b. 21 Sep 1874 - d. 18 Jul 1962, age 88
Charles John Anderson b. 29 Dec 1876 - d.
Clara Wilhelmina (Minnie) Anderson b. 11 Jul 1879 - d. 1969, age 90
Joseph Herman Anderson b. 11 May 1882 - d. 27 June 1905, age 23
Andrew Siegfred Anderson b. 3 Dec 1889 - d. 27 May 1978, age 89
Anna Amelia Anderson b. 16 Oct 1891 - d. Jun 1964, age 73
Ida Carolina Anderson b. 12 Jan 1893 - d. 24 Mar 1919, age 26
Mary Eleanor Anderson b. 17 May 1896 - d. 18 Mar 1919, age 23
John August & Clara Anderson
Living in a two room house
For many years home for them was a 2-room slant-roofed frame structure, so poorly built that snow drifted inside the kitchen during a storm. There was no pantry, no cabinets, and no sink. Kitchen conveniences consisted of an old wood stove, some shelves, a table, and a few chairs. In the kitchen floor was a door which led to the cellar beneath, which provided refrigeration and storage. The other room in the house served as a bedroom-living room. There the children slept with the parents, the 3 girls in one of the 2 beds, and Andrew on a flat-topped trunk with a chair at each end to provide a resting place for his head and feet.
One dresser supplied drawer space for the entire family and a slab nailed onto the wall contained nails on which to hang clothes. There were no hangers until Mary invented one by tightly rolling a magazine and tying both ends with a string.
John and Clara Anderson are the Great-grandparents of Gary William Granquist.
The following is taken from the book “Prairie Trails to Hi-Ways” published in 1978 by the Bismarck-Mandan Genealogical and Historical Society.
John and Clara living in Sweden
John August Anderson and Clara Anderson were married in Sweden on May 12, 1872. Both were 22 years of age, healthy, and ambitious. As members of the servant class in the feudal system of Sweden there was no chance of advancement for them or their children. John chafed at their existence and longed to go to the America he had heard so much about. As their family, and poverty, increased, Clara finally consented for John to leave, confident that he could never afford to do so. Providentially, he found a man with an inheritance who needed help in moving his family to the “Land of Promise.”
Photo on left is courtesy of the Library of Congress LC-USZ 62-7307
Photograph by Wm. H. Rau 1902